Sociology is the scientific study of society and social relations. Using cutting-edge quantitative and qualitative research methods, sociologists seek to systematically understand social interaction, social organization, social institutions, and social change. Major questions sociologists address include:
- How are groups, organizations, and societies structured, and how do individuals interact within these contexts? What are the causes and consequences of social inequality?
- How do social categorizations such as gender, class, race, ethnicity, and sexuality shape life chances for individuals?
- How do important institutions such as education, the family, religion, and the economy shape society?
- What forces lead to social change in a society? How do social movements originate, and what makes them succeed or fail?